54 states declare English as their national language. Nevertheless, English is commonly associated with the United Kingdom and the USA (by the way, 31 of the States build more than half of all English-speaking State formations).
That's ultimately British and US regulations and rules of written and spoken English that underline teaching English as a second language outside these two countries. For instance, in Russia, CIS International School offers British study programs (please call to learn more on terms of enrolment for children of various ages from kindergarten with native English-speaking nurses).
It is well known, that there are significant differences between American and British variants of English. What are these differences and how did they emerge?
The base of the West-German language which we now call English comprises of Anglo-Frisian dialect that was brought to Britain by Germanic conquerors back in the 5th - 7th centuries AD. During the next two centuries, its development had been highly dependent on North-German colonisers, and it was not before the Middle Ages that the spelling system which is used to this day was established. It's thought that it can be said of the so-called Shakespeare's language starting from the 16th century, and the modern language that we now speak. has evolved late in the 17th century.
The distribution of this language tool across the globe was boosted by British colonialism, and the new continent of America fell under this influence. Although the United States of America could defend its independence by the end of the 18th century, it was the English language that came shining with glorious victory out of the American melting pot and became one of the unifying icons of the rising nation.
However, US English isn't the same as British English on every language level - English which is spoken in the US has a range of distinctive traits that were influenced by various internal and external factors.
The most obvious source of difference is phonetics because spelling out and intonation help us to define which variant of the language is used by the person you are talking to. The most common examples of US English:
The difference between British and US English is not limited to just pronunciation because, after all, different grammar norms significantly influence speech, and there are plenty of these distinctions.
In the view of grammar rules, US English tends to be more simplistic. For example, Americans seem to be not bothered to use all 16 classic tenses; even with more traditional tense makers such as 'already' or 'just' they can easily use Past Simple instead of mandatory British Present Perfect, and ditto regarding Past Perfect.
This simplification can also be observed in the following areas:
Derivation rules also differ. This includes the formation of adverbs that describe a habit to do something at a specific time by adding suffix -s to nouns that have the meaning days of the week, the time of day, months, and etc. (morning, Wednesday, weekend).
Now, spoken variants are increasingly used in US English with reduced forms that are not allowed in British English. For example, instead of 'I want to' they can use 'I wanna' or instead of 'I got to' they can use 'I gotta'.
The difference between the aforementioned languages is even more significant in the area of vocabulary. Firstly, American English vocabulary is profound with neologisms and includes a lot of abbreviations.
The following three variety of vocabulary units can be classified to compare US and British English:
1. basic word stock includes the words that match in both variants in their meaning (and there is the absolute majority of them);
2. general concepts that can be expressed by two different words, for example:
However, now the Americanisms are increasingly infiltrating the British vocabulary and often the difference in the word stock can be hardly traced.
This is a serious and disputed question, and the response depends on the goals of learning English. Of course, for immigration purposes it is a good idea to choose the variant which is preferred in the destination country, and in case you have other goals there are some options.
When you are proficient in both dialects, you have obvious benefits:
It should be noted that those who speak both dialects can better understand each other so ultimately that's the quality of the learning that is more important and not just the choice between the US and British English.
That is why priority should be given to the organisations where professional teachers are engaged in the educational process (ideally, native speakers) and all learning materials meet the requirements of the appropriate application education program.
English learners often want to enjoy Shakespeare's or Dickens' masterpieces in the original. Although you may have a plan to master a foreign language - a more down-to-earth and pragmatic goal - if you do not read fiction books you have no chances to advance your knowledge of the language.
The reason why English became an international language shall be looked for in the historic events of the last three or four centuries, and most of all it is due to the aggressive colonial politics of the British Crown of the 17 century that English became so widespread as a result of the occupation by the island state of the most of the planet's landmass.
Russian language speakers are fortunate in a way that their mother language is one of the official UN languages and today it is spoken by about 300 million. Historically, however, English is known by 1.5 billion or roughly 20 percent of the world's population, and this is the most obvious answer to the question Why learning English in our time. And now, let us see it in more detail.
The United Kingdom is known for its educational programs and medical education is no exception. A prestigious medical diploma obtained in England provides access to the widest opportunities for continuing education, notable research activities or successful international employment with a consistently high income.
Preschool education in the UK is taken very seriously, and its main difference from the modern Russian system is the presence of a single state-controlled early development program - Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS).
The attractiveness of a university in Ireland for international students is determined by the high (as good as British) quality of education at a more affordable cost of training. In this article, we will talk about top Universities in Ireland.
Learning a foreign language at home without attending school or courses is not a new idea. In this article, we will talk about such an opportunity as distance learning of the English language.
Tuition fees in Britain depend on many different factors. There is no single "price list" based on which it would be possible to plan the parents' budget in advance and accurately. To assess the potential costs, you need, first, to assess the specifics of training and the status of the educational institution.